The eastern phoebe is the flycatcher most at home near human habitations, building its mossy nests under bridges and around summer cottages and outbuildings.
The phoebe has a diagnostic habit of wagging its tail as if stirring porridge with it.
Phoebes spent the winter in the south-eastern United States and northern Mexico.
There is no “western” phoebe but Black Phoebes and Say’s Phoebes are found in western North America.
Species list: mallard, hairy woodpecker, downy woodpecker, eastern phoebe, blue jay, American crow, black-capped chickadee, white-breasted nuthatch, red-breasted nuthatch, ruby-crowned kinglet, American robin, house sparrow, European starling, northern cardinal, American goldfinch, song sparrow. (16 species)
St. Andrew’s Cemetery:
Arrow-leaved Aster looks very much like Heart-leaved Aster:
The best way to tell them apart is to have a look at the leaf stem which is narrow in Heart-leaved and “winged” in Arrow-leaved:
O golden month! How high thy gold is heaped!
The yellow birch-leaves shine like bright coins strung
On wands, the chestnut’s yellow pennons tongue
To eery wind its harvest challenge. Steeped
In yellow, still lie fields where wheat was reaped. – Helen Hunt Jackson (1830–85)