REGISTRATION IS NOW OPEN FOR WINTER WALKS at http://www.learn4life.ca / discover the outdoors
If a 15th-century First Nations person were to enter the small forest just east of the skating rink today at Col Sam Smith Park, they would be unfamiliar with the four dominant tree species which now comprise this area.
It would be clear that they are seeing an elm, a maple, a basswood and a spruce but each tree in the forest differs significantly from native tree species.
That is because they would be seeing Wych Elm, Norway Maple, European Linden and Norway Spruce. All of these species were planted by the early Europeans who settled in this area and all have become naturalized.
Here are some scenes in and near the forest on this -10, sunny morning. It was the coldest November 22 morning on record.
A former Baltimore Oriole nest:
I had company while taking the forest photos:
We were fortunate to see a small flock of elusive American Pipits along the shoreline:
Other birds that I was able to photograph:
Thou, from whose unseen presence the leaves dead
Are driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing.