Bank Swallow: Dr. J. Murray Speirs

Bank Swallow
Bank Swallows
Bank Swallows

Bank Swallows nest in burrows excavated into vertical banks of sand in such places as shore cliffs, eroded river banks, gravel pits and road cuts: in northern Ontario they have even used sawdust piles.

Bank Swallow

In the Old World they are known as Sand Martins. These are usually the latest of our swallows to return in spring and the earliest to leave in autumn. Our birds winter in South America.

Bank Swallows
Bank Swallow

This is the common brown-backed swallow distinguished from the relatively rare Rough-winged Swallow by its blackish band separating the white throat from the white underparts.

Bank Swallows

Rough-winged Swallows have a dingy buff throat and lack the breast band.

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Dr. J. Murray Speirs

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