Chicory: Miles Hearn

Lovely chicory has many common names: succory, blue sailors, blue daisy, coffee-weed, wild endive.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Chcory is originally from Eurasia.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Chicory forms a deep, perennial taproot, and all parts of the plant exude milky sap when broken.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Flowers are seen from July through October.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

The flowers open in the morning and close by afternoon.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Many individual florets make up a flower head.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Flowers are pollinated by bees.

bee on Chicory

Birds eat and disperse the dried fruit and the seeds germinate in a variety of sunny sites.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus) photo: Sophie Boisvert

In the urban environment it is common in minimally maintained public parks, the margins of neglected residential and commercial landscapes, vacant lots, rubble dumps, pavement cracks, chain-link fence lines, unmowed highway banks and median strips and railroad rights-of-way.


Chicory is tolerant of roadway salt and compacted soil.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Domesticated varieties of chicory include Belgium endive and Radicchio.


The root of chicory has long been used as a coffee additive or substitute when roasted and ground.

Chicory (Cichorium intybus)

Miles Hearn

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